Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton – A SUCCESS STORY

“Errors are not in the art but in the artificers”. _Isaac Newton

Born Isaac Newton (1642 – 1727) Birth Day holiday after the death of his father three months . He was named after his father, who was an assistant agriculturally Mr. Hanna Ayskov in Olthorb in Lincolnshire County , although the baby was tiny queer health, but he managed to remain alive and strong arises though never enjoyed excellent health. Isaac did not receive a happy childhood, because his mother was married before reaching the two-year-old from a wealthy Protestant pastor named Barnabas Smith, Isaac and stopped in the care of his grandmother and moved to the neighboring village that was home to her husband, to assist in the education of his three children.So Isaac remained separate from his mother  for nearly nine years until he died, his stepfather in 1653. Its absence is likely to have the impact of a severe impact in the genesis of Isaac in his personality, but no doubt that the fact that the position of women general. To Zllk did not have them Shan mentions in his whole life never did marry.  With the exception of love story transient in his youth was his interest position in its entirety on his work, and to a lesser extent on his critics, as the severe insecurity which made concern controlled by the published work and the violence of the absurd, which was defended by her, to Azemah throughout his entire life, but can be traced their effects until his early years. When the age of Newton became a 19-year-old mother and her husband had threatened that he would burn the house and the two.

And not in childhood Newton early as a clear indication on their intellectual ability, he was a kid loving Poll and disciple average in high school in Grantam, he had spent time in daydreaming in the classroom more than what is spent in reviewing lessons . And would have preferred to stay alone with himself more than accompany the others, and was seldom practiced sports and games with the other boys, it was temperamental tense very nerves, but it was immortalized to examine his thoughts, it has already showed some mechanical dexterity he made machine tools of the design, such as kite-hour Aqua .

After the death of his stepfather, his mother invited him to manage the large property that led to it. This task has not lasted long, as Newton proved when the management of these Mistirah it is not fit for that at all, and that he is unable to adapt to agricultural workers , as well as the interest in agricultural matters was weak. It was a happy coincidence that his uncle persuaded his mother’s need to re-Newton to school in Grantam to study the Latin and arithmetic and afforded the same difficulties for university education. The results of Newton’s work in subjects studied enough for acceptance at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he received his acceptance certificate in June 1661, when he was eighteen years of age .

The Cambridge University at the time, like other universities, is still mired in the teachings of Aristotle and his doctrine, although the affiliation Newton came to it after it was Nicolaus Copernicus and Kepler and Galileo Galilei may have contributed a great contribution to modern science. So the debate has rarely been the view of the centrality of the sun or for mechanics Galilei Copernicus system, and was on the Newton and his colleagues in the study to receive lessons instead on the work of Aristotle, Plato, and then a common view that the earth is the center of the universe,Despite the growing becomes clearer counting their reality is that Newton had been attracted by the work of philosophers of physics, such as Rene Descartes, who had begun drafting a new concept of nature portrays something complicated impersonal, machine idle. Indeed, the influence of Descartes, Newton was enormous, because unlike Descartes Aristotle was seen physical reality that it is not only physical particles animated and constantly believed that all natural phenomena arising from the impact of these particles in some other effect automatically. In addition, the Newton signed under the influence of sports Isaac Bauer, who was the first to know the brilliant Newton and encouraged him to his interest in mathematics as well as to draw his attention to the study of optics Fnl Newton during his final two years at Cambridge to strengthen athletic skills continued to pursue at the same time study the work of the Renaissance scientists and philosophers as also it began drafted concepts, which later became one of the most important contributions.However, the great efforts made in his own study affected the academic study claimed and rendered them distinct So when Newton earned a bachelor’s degree in April 1665 passed the talent of the greatest talents in the history of university education, without a go unnoticed.

In 1665 an outbreak of the plague in London, prompting Newton to leave Cambridge and return to his home in Olthorb where he spent the next two years, contemplating the ideas that began to interest them while he was at the university for space and time and motion is recognized as he was when he returned to Cambridge in 1667 may finally laid the foundations of its business in three large areas coupled with his name forever , a calculus and the nature of white light and universal gravitation and the consequent things.He also discovered the binomial theorem. But that during this same duration, it may scan circular motion elements derived from the application of his analysis on the moon and planets, relationship inverse square, which says that the central force affecting the planet is decreasing proportional inversely proportional to the distance from the sun of any such relationship, which then became a law crucial to slack cosmic relationship to be as follows:

{\displaystyle F=G{\frac {m_{1}m_{2}}{r^{2}}}}

In these two wonderful his two years in Newton and Olthorb, brought the work of Galileo and Kepler to its logical conclusions, and formulated necessary to explain the fact that the dynamic mechanical physical laws Aftgt scientific achievements are aware of the next two centuries and a Vlsvethma. So to is hard to understand how a young man could be emerging in the years to perform these actions inimitable in such a short period of time.

The second great achievements of Newton’s particle theory of light.
After the re-opening of Cambridge in 1667 Newton was elected a member of Trinity College, and two years later gave Newton prompt and mentor Isaac Bauer for his position, recommending that Newton as his successor, began Newton lectured on optics without having been published after anything about his discoveries, also he continued his experiments in light and making the first reflecting telescope. This telescope has aroused great interest among the Royal Society Newton led to the election of a member of this body in 1672. This honor Newton He encouraged the submission of a scientific publication in optics drew a scathing attack from Robert Hooke, who was then president of the Royal Society itself is an expert in optics has his way condescending raised in Review newsletter Newton anger that he can not accept any criticism of his work or any controversy distasteful. It was not a full year to make Newton published so fed up with the exchange of views in the discussions, and the injury of boredom led him to interrupt his prayers and live in isolation complete solitude.

Apple incident

Newton himself often told the story that he was inspired to formulate his theory of gravitation by watching the fall of an apple from a tree. Although it has been said that the apple story is a myth and that he did not arrive at his theory of gravity in any single moment,acquaintances of Newton (such as William Stukeley, whose manuscript account of 1752 has been made available by the Royal Society) do in fact confirm the incident, though not the cartoon version that the apple actually hit Newton’s head. Stukeley recorded in his Memoirs of Sir Isaac Newton’s Life a conversation with Newton in Kensington on 15 April 1726:

we went into the garden, & drank thea under the shade of some appletrees; only he, & my self. amidst other discourse, he told me, he was just in the same situation, as when formerly, the notion of gravitation came into his mind. “why should that apple always descend perpendicularly to the ground,” thought he to himself; occasion’d by the fall of an apple, as he sat in a contemplative mood. “why should it not go sideways, or upwards? but constantly to the earths center? assuredly, the reason is, that the earth draws it. there must be a drawing power in matter. & the sum of the drawing power in the matter of the earth must be in the earths center, not in any side of the earth. therefore dos this apple fall perpendicularly, or toward the center. if matter thus draws matter; it must be in proportion of its quantity. therefore the apple draws the earth, as well as the earth draws the apple.

John Conduitt, Newton’s assistant at the Royal Mint and husband of Newton’s niece, also described the event when he wrote about Newton’s life:

In the year 1666 he retired again from Cambridge to his mother in Lincolnshire. Whilst he was pensively meandering in a garden it came into his thought that the power of gravity (which brought an apple from a tree to the ground) was not limited to a certain distance from earth, but that this power must extend much further than was usually thought. Why not as high as the Moon said he to himself & if so, that must influence her motion & perhaps retain her in her orbit, whereupon he fell a calculating what would be the effect of that supposition.

In similar terms, Voltaire wrote in his Essay on Epic Poetry (1727), “Sir Isaac Newton walking in his gardens, had the first thought of his system of gravitation, upon seeing an apple falling from a tree.”

It is known from his notebooks that Newton was grappling in the late 1660s with the idea that terrestrial gravity extends, in an inverse-square proportion, to the Moon; however it took him two decades to develop the full-fledged theory. The question was not whether gravity existed, but whether it extended so far from Earth that it could also be the force holding the Moon to its orbit. Newton showed that if the force decreased as the inverse square of the distance, one could indeed calculate the Moon’s orbital period, and get good agreement. He guessed the same force was responsible for other orbital motions, and hence named it “universal gravitation”.

Various trees are claimed to be “the” apple tree which Newton describes. The King’s School, Grantham, claims that the tree was purchased by the school, uprooted and transported to the headmaster’s garden some years later. The staff of the (now) National Trust-owned Woolsthorpe Manor dispute this, and claim that a tree present in their gardens is the one described by Newton. A descendant of the original tree can be seen growing outside the main gate of Trinity College, Cambridge, below the room Newton lived in when he studied there. The National Fruit Collection at Brogdale can supply grafts from their tree, which appears identical to Flower of Kent, a coarse-fleshed cooking variety.